Choice of land

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One of the biggest pitfalls in realizing a building plan, your dream, is where to build a house. Legislative changes and the constant mismatch of the needs of citizens and municipalities in the context of land use plans and sometimes absurdly held building reserves do not currently offer a large amount of land suitable for development. Relatively dramatic situations arise if the building applicant wants to realize the construction of a family house in a larger size (over 30,000 inhabitants), where the building parcels are currently exhausted, building reserves unused and largely land suitable for development is held by developers for housing and civil construction. Why? Surely we all understand.

Municipalities in the order of hundreds, exceptionally thousands of inhabitants, although they have the opportunity to reasonably design their construction plans, often struggle with the absence of urban thinking. The vast majority assign their changes and the creation of new concepts of the zoning plan to experts who are not related to the locality, do not live in the locality, do not have their own interests there and in most cases only promote their imaginary visions. Spatial plans proposed in this way lack logic, and it often happens that changes lead to long-term delays over a period of up to decades. These few introductory sentences show how rare land for construction is today for the average individual.

It does not hurt to repeat the basic principles and important initial "details" that need to be known and followed when choosing a plot.

Land size

Make sure that the size of the plot is proportional to your idea of the size of the house. Let me give you an example. If you build a house called a bungalow with a built-up area of 150 m2 (usable area approx 120 m2), the minimum land area should be approx 800 m2. If you build a house on the floor and now we reverse the order, usable area 120 m2,the built-up area will be approx 80 – 95 m2, therefore the minimum land area can be 600 m2. An exception may be the so-called terraced houses, where it is possible to satisfy even the size of approx 400 m2. Everything depends on the investor's idea of construction and what he expects from the family house.

The seriousness of the land

Ideal for the construction of houses is zero slope. Many contractors in the case of baseplate construction have a clause in the contracts that up to 3% slope

will not deal with the increase in the price calculation for the installation of the base plate. Keep in mind that the higher the slope, the more financial costs the base plate will cost you. On the other hand, for a good architect, any inclination is taken as a challenge, and houses that are sensitively placed on such a sloping land can become architectural jewels.

Existence of utilities (abbreviated as EU)

In the event that someone offers you land for sale, you need to find all utilities that relate not only to your connection to the EU, but also all networks that may endanger or restrict you in your construction plan, for example by having to comply with protective or safety zones or respect biocorridors. Each of these zones has its pitfalls and we can get from zero values of distances up to a distance of 30, 40 m, or even to a total ban on construction on the land.

It is also necessary to know in which metric range or depths the individual media and sewers are located. Of course, the price of building or connecting the EU also depends on these data. Without water and electricity, the house cannot be completed and handed over for use. We will discuss this issue in more detail in one of the following articles.

Regulations – zoning and planning information of the locality (abbreviated as ZPI)

It is advisable to reconcile your building plan with the local regulations, that is to say with the so-called zoning planning information, which should be provided to you by the relevant planning authority, the planning department. It is necessary to study well the PI and your chosen architect, the designer (the creator of the house) should fully respect this. You will avoid possible surprises and save financial costs for repairs, remodeling of documentation for the house. This ZPI will tell you the location of the construction line from the boundary of the plot, the type and defined permitted slope of the roof body, the orientation of the roof ridge, the location of the garages or the garage parking space on the plot. All these data then have an influential overall concept of the house and the location of the house on the plot.

Last but not least, it is very important for the investor the environment and amenities of the location where the land is located, as well as the types of houses in the surrounding buildings, which can at first glance tell you what type of family house will be preferred. , but with the wording “respect for the surrounding development”.

If the data and information obtained meet your idea and nothing prevents construction, you can proceed to the next step. Now it is time to think through everything and it is up to you to specify your housing requirements and needs so that you can transfer them to a drawing with the help of an expert.