Placing the building on the plot

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Maybe some of you think that they can build their family house on the land, professionally place it, wherever you like, however, as it goes, here are the exact rules and requirements. These are given by the land itself and its layout (shape and size, slope, location with respect to the surrounding land and buildings) and the conditions are given by the municipality or building authority, and therefore the zoning plan/zoning study.

When an investor, previously ignorant of things, gets bogged down in handling and 'flying' around the land and preparing for construction, he finds that so many actions and items are needed that he had never known before. And they are certainly not unfounded.

In the previous article, we talked about the essential in the selection of land and spatial planning information, regulations. One “detail” has not been described and these are enlightened. So orientation to the cardinal points, which is very important for you as a future user of the house and will affect the whole interior concept of the house, layout and location of living rooms. Which rooms will I have on the north and which on the south? Do I want to sunrise in the morning? And it will not only influence in the sense of “I have to keep something”, but on the contrary will help you to better and more comfortable living if we use it for our benefit and work with it sensitively. For example, it is certainly not harmful to use natural lighting when working at the kitchen, on the contrary (perhaps a logical and almost obvious thing, however, we encounter various house projects that do not think about this at all), why not have naturally lit rooms at the time when most during the day we use. You will return tired from work and want to enjoy the sun, either indoors or outdoors, with a coffee sitting on the terrace. It is necessary to think about how the sun moves over the land during the day and to think about it in the beginning in connection with the location of the house.

The location of the house on the land affects the surroundings, neighbouring land and the neighbours themselves. It is necessary to observe the legal distance from the boundary of the land. As the Building Act and the implementing decree tell us, the distance between family houses (unless it is a specific terraced house) must not be less than 7 m and their distance from the common boundaries of land must not be less than 2 m. In particularly cramped territorial conditions, the distance between family houses reduced to 4 m, if in none of the opposite walls are windows of living rooms. In this case, it is possible to submit a request for a so-called exception. The owners of the neighbouring property will comment on the approval of the exemption, and in practice, we do not always come up against friendly behaviour on the part of our neighbours, although our request is supported by many arguments and we believe that the neighbour does not limit the proposed solution. If we have an undeveloped area decisive for determining the distance between two objects according to the above rules is the building that is realized in the area first. This is nice news, on the other hand, our clients belong 100% to the other group and have to deal with the conditions that the first, perhaps happier builder, has prepared ... It is also interesting to think about the hypothetical situation in to conduct simultaneous territorial proceedings for the location of residential buildings on two adjacent plots. Who is he, will he be the first? I will borrow the words of a lawyer: “It is a question of how both applications will be synchronized when assessing the distances, ie which application will be rejected if the requirements for the minimum distances of residential buildings are not met at the expense of the other application. This question has not yet been answered by the court or professional practice, but due to the urgency of the problem, a satisfactory answer can be expected soon.

In most cases, it is necessary to apply for a zoning decision to locate the building, and in some cases, the issuance of a zoning permit is an alternative and a slightly simpler option. For this, it is necessary to enclose the written consent of the neighbours and this entails the need and necessity to undergo negotiations with the neighbours with the already prepared situation drawing, on which the concerned will indicate in writing his consent (need not be verified). Not every expression of consent is consent, again it is necessary to comply with the requirement of the law. We wonder how we would give advice on how to conduct such negotiations with our neighbours. Be natural, be prepared to explain your intention clearly and distinctly, with firm arguments, do not be discouraged by sometimes initial reluctance or rejection. A simple thing? It is, not always, quite often not enough, just think that you are already starting to build some neighbourhood relations and that it may affect you in the future.

The distance also affects a fire-hazardous area, ie the area where the heat from the burning building reaches, and this area should not, in principle, exceed the boundary of your property. This is a very important and limiting factor that interferes with the location of the building. However, let the expert. Therefore, a fire safety solution is being processed by an authorized designer and is an essential part of the project documentation of the construction.

 

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Lenka Nováková